ImPACT Concussion Information


ImPACT Testing

At Notre Dame Academy we use ImPACT along with our extensive Concussion protocol, which includes a SCAT3 evaluation, Return to Learn component and Return to Play component to ensure the safety of all NDA student-athletes.

Developed in the early 1990's by Drs. Mark Lovell and Joseph Maroon, ImPACT is a 40-minute test that has become a standard tool used in comprehensive clinical management of concussions for athletes of all ages.

Given the inherent difficulties in concussion management, it is important to manage concussions on an individualized basis and to implement baseline testing and/or post-injury neurocognitive testing. This type of concussion assessment can help to objectively evaluate the concussed athlete's post-injury condition and track recovery for safe return to play, thus preventing the cumulative effects of concussion. In fact, neurocognitive testing has recently been called the "cornerstone" of proper concussion management by an international panel of sports medicine experts.  

Test Features

               Measures player symptoms

               Measures verbal and visual memory, processing speed and reaction time

               Reaction time measured to 1/100th of second

               Assists clinicians and athletic trainers in making difficult return-to-play decisions

               Provides reliable baseline test information

               Produces comprehensive report of test results

               Results can be e-mailed or faxed for fast consultation by a neuropsychologist

               Automatically stores data from repeat testing

               Testing is administered online for individuals or groups

               Compatible with PC and MAC

The test consists of a nearly infinite number of alternate forms by randomly varying the stimulus array for each administration. This feature was built into the program to minimize the "practice effects" that have limited the usefulness of more traditional neurocognitive tests.

ImPACT takes approximately 30-40 minutes to complete. The program measures multiple aspects of cognitive functioning in athletes, including:

               Attention span

               Working memory

               Sustained and selective attention time

               Response variability

               Non-verbal problem-solving

               Reaction time